By M. Tendahl
A frightening new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by means of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid idea indicates the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and threat of accomplishing a broader and extra reasonable thought of our figuring out.
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Extra info for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics
So what exactly is a metarepresentation? Deirdre Wilson defines a metarepresentation as ‘a representation of a representation: a higher-order representation with a lower-order representation embedded within it’ (Wilson 2000: 411). , the utterance ‘John said that it will rain’) are four main categories of metarepresentation. (Sperber 2000b: 3) Wilson (2000: 413–14) mentions a type of metarepresentation in which ‘the higher-order representation is an utterance or thought and the lowerorder representation is an abstract representation’ (italics in original), where abstract representations would be sentence types, utterance types, propositions, names, words and concepts.
If this intersection contains an assumption about which people share this cognitive environment, these people have what is called a mutual cognitive environment. It can be noted that this first intuitive definition of a mutual cognitive environment does not make use of an endless recursion. This definition even reminds one of Clark and Marshall’s mutual-knowledge induction schema, and therefore this definition seems to be quite appealing at first sight, but let us take a closer look at mutual cognitive environments.
If Gary’s mind-reading abilities have developed in a normal way, he will furthermore form the metarepresentation in (43), which is different from his own assumption: (43) The referee does not know that Ruud scored a goal. If, however, Gary’s mind-reading abilities have not developed correctly, he might form the metarepresentation expressed in (44) attributing his own representation to the referee:8 (44) The referee knows that Ruud scored a goal. If Gary indeed forms the representation in (44), we can still say that he is able to form metarepresentations.
A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics by M. Tendahl