By Charles Gehring
In 1634, the Dutch West India corporation used to be nervous to understand why the fur exchange from New Netherland have been declining, so the corporate despatched 3 staff some distance into Iroquois nation to enquire. Harmen Meyndertsz van den Bogaert led the day trip from fortress Orange (present-day Albany, NY). His is the earliest identified description of the inner of what's at the present time manhattan kingdom and its seventeenth-century local population.
Van den Bogaert used to be a prepared observer, and his magazine is not just an everyday log of the place the excursion occasion traveled; it's also a close account of the Mohawks and the Oneidas: the settlements, modes of subsistence, and therapeutic rituals. Van den Bogaert's striking wordlist is the earliest identified recorded vocabulary of the Mohawk language.
Gehring's translation and Starna's annotations supply quintessential fabric for anthropologists, ethnohistorians, linguists, and somebody with a distinct curiosity in local American reports. Michelson's present additions to the wordlist of Mohawk equivalents with English glosses (wherever attainable) and his professional research of the language within the local American passages provide a priceless new size to this variation of the journal.
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Additional info for A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition
See also Hart, New Netherland Company; Bachman, Peltries or Plantations. 4. ” The estimated Mohawk population at this time was over 7,000 (Snow, Iroquois, 96, 110). INTRODUCTION xxxix 5. On Mohawk-Dutch political interaction, see Richter, Ordeal of the Longhouse; Jennings, Ambiguous Iroquois Empire; Dennis, Landscape of Peace; and Starna, Homeland to New Land. 6. See Jacobs, New Netherland, 113–14, on the Freedoms and Exemptions. 7. See Venema, Kiliaen van Rensselaer. On the patroonships, see Rink, Holland on the Hudson, 94–116, and Jacobs, New Netherland, 112–32.
63 Here there are beech trees. After going 7 or 8 miles, we found at sunset once again a hut in the woods with little bark, but with some tree branches. 64 It was so cold during the night that I could barely sleep two hours. Dec. 28. 65 After we had gone 1 or 2 miles, we came to a waterway that the Indians told me flowed into the land of the Minquasen. 67 Today we passed over many high hills. The woods are full of many large trees, but mostly birch. After going another 7 or 8 miles, we did as above.
I went and thanked them for coming to visit us. They welcomed me and because it was late I went again to our house. Jan. 10 Jeronimus badly burned his pants that had fallen from his body into the fire during the night. The chief’s mother gave him cloth to repair them and Willem Tomassen sewed them up again. Jan. ” Jeronimus and I went there and took along a pistol. ” We thanked him for this, and after they held council for a long time, an interpreter came to me and gave me 5 wild beavers for my journey and because we came to visit them.
A Journey Into Mohawk and Oneida Country 1634-1635: The Journal of Harmen Meyndertsz Van Den Bogaert Revised Edition by Charles Gehring